Summarising Corruption in Pakistan

The Friday Times, June 18th

Perceptions of Corruption

The National Corruption Perception Survey 2010 published by Transparency International (TI) reports that corruption has increased from Rs 195 billion in 2009 to Rs 223 billion in 2010.

The Police retained the title of the most corrupt departments of the Pakistani government for the fourth time. It has topped the list of the ten most corrupt departments and sectors in all of the four such surveys conducted by TI Pakistan in 2002, 2006, 2009 and 2010.

Corruption in the judiciary, education and local government has also increased compared to 2009, whereas FBR’s two departments, customs and taxation are ranked as the least corrupt sectors. In terms of bribery per act, Land Administration is rated as the most corrupt sector where each incident of corrupt act is Rs 46,414 whereas the total bribery in other nine sectors is Rs 127,728.

The survey also finds that the introduction of motorway police has reduced corruption and about 87% of Pakistanis considered that motorway police should be established in all the four provinces of Pakistan. The respondents also feel that the judiciary and armed forces should come under the accountability check. More than 80% respondents believe that the media’s freedom has contributed to expose corruption. Almost 80% of Pakistanis consider that land records should be computerized and published.

70% Pakistanis says that present government is more corrupt than previous government. This holds for all provinces except for Punjab where the present provincial government is rated to be cleaner than previous provincial government while Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is rated as the most corrupt province.

TI feels that Pakistan needs to address the corruption with “full political will, such as being demonstrated by Judiciary by at least declaring it under the Judicial Policy to be an organization of Zero Tolerance for Corruption and Pakistan Armed Forces who have withdrawn its active senior officers from civilian postings and he have successfully also controlled violations of Procurement Rules 2004.”

Furthermore they feel that without further measures, Pakistan may be equated to Afghanistan in corruption. TI Pakistan endorses the views of the Chief Justice of Pakistan, Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, that “Justice should be done let the heaven fall.”

The methodology used included a physical survey under the purview of Institute of Business Administration Karachi, conducted directly through its students in Sindh. The students of GIFT University Gujranwala in Punjab, of Gomal University DI Khan in Baluchistan and Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology Peshawar in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa conducted the surveys.

TI gives three main reasons of corruption in view of our respondents as a lack of accountability, lack of merit, and low salaries. Also they feel that NAB has not taken any action against those responsible for Rs 323 billion corruption reported by Auditor General of Pakistan and promised on floor of the Assembly by Minister of Law.

Transparency International Corruption Perceptions of Various Sectors

Rank 2010 Ranking 2009 Ranking 2006 Ranking 2002 Ranking
1 Police Police Police Police
2 Power Power Power Power
3 Land Administration Health Judiciary Taxation
4 Education Land administration Land administration Judiciary
5 Local government Education Taxation Customs
6 Judiciary Taxation Customs Health
7 Health Judiciary Health Land administration
8 Taxation Local government Education Education
9 Custom Custom Railway Railway
10 Tendering and contracting Tendering and contracting Banks Banks

Source: Transparency International, Pakistan

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